NEW YORKNEW YORK (Reuters) - After the German shepherd Rumor won the top prize at last year's Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in New York, she had her first litter of puppies and retired from competition, like many female show dogs.

By contrast, most top male show dogs can keep competing for years, and it is no coincidence that they also win "Best in Show" in the prestigious annual competition far more often than females, breeders and handlers said as they prepared for this year's show, which opens Monday, Feb. 12 in New York.

"Now she won't show again, she's done," said Gail Miller Bisher, a spokeswoman for the Westminster Kennel Club, referring to Rumor. "But males can keep going. They can be used as stud and continue showing and keep their coat and keep their shape of body and all that."

ADVERTISEMENT

Female dogs, known in pure-bred circles as "bitches," have snared Best in Show at Westminster 39 times since the award was first given in 1907. Males, known simply as "dogs," have been victorious 71 times, almost twice as often.

A dog's peak age for competition is 3 to 5 years old, which also happens to be prime breeding age for females, said Kimberly Calvacca, a professional handler and breeder from Westbury, New York.

The Best in Show winner crowned Tuesday night takes home a trophy. But the real reward is the increased value on the breeding circuit, which is one reason victory can end a female's competitive career.

"People don't like to campaign females because they don't like to jeopardize their breeding program," said Calvacca. "Males can be used to stud anytime, and still show and breed at the same time."

As a consequence, females are less likely to compete at Westminster, the second-oldest U.S. sporting event after the Kentucky Derby. Ahead of this year's opening day on Monday, there were 1,220 female competitors and 1,699 male challengers enrolled in most categories, including vying to be named top dog on Tuesday at Madison Square Garden.

A female competitor's "heat" cycle brings changes in temperament and hormones that can also hurt its chances of winning the world-renowned show for pure-bred canines.

ADVERTISEMENT

Many handlers and owners will not show a female during its cycle, which comes about every six months, because "they're moody," said Wendy Kellerman, a handler and breeder from Hauppauge, New York.

Depending on the breed, a female dog in season will shed her coat, leaving her less impressive looking than male peers. Those kinds of changes can knock her out of competition for months.

"Some people say, 'I don't want to be bothered with that, I'll go with a male," said Calvacca.

Betty-Anne Stenmark, the sole judge of this year's Best in Show competition at Westminster, said appearance was important when it comes to picking a world champion. But she denied that the cards are stacked in favor of males.

Stenmark said each sex has a "50-50 chance" of winning and judging can be highly subjective, depending on a judge's experience.

In the end, a male Best in Show winner can bring a bigger payoff than a female because a male can breed many times, and even have its sperm frozen, while females can produce only so many litters and puppies, said WKC's Bisher.

ADVERTISEMENT

"The males obviously have an easier go of it, whereas the girls having a litter is stressful for everybody," she said.

(Reporting by Stephanie Kelly; Editing by Barbara Goldberg and David Gregorio)