March 28 - Hollywood's Angelina Jolie and British Foreign Secretary William Hague take part in a conference in Sarajevo on wartime sexual violence. Rough Cut (no reporter narration).
ROUGH CUT (NO REPORTER NARRATION) American actress Angelina Jolie and British Foreign Minister William Hague on Friday (March 28) opened a conference in the Bosnian capital addressing the use of sexual violence in conflicts. Jolie and Hague, who are scheduled to co-host a summit on raising awareness of wartime sexual violence in London in June, attended the conference on preventing such crimes organised by Bosnia and Herzegovina's ministry of defence. Jolie's 2011 directorial debut, "In the Land of Blood and Honey", dealt with the topics of war crimes and sexual violence against women during the war in Bosnia, and featured several actors from the region. "The use of rape as a weapon of war is one of the most harrowing and savage of these crimes against civilians. This is rape so brutal with such extreme violence that it is even hard to talk about it. It often involves gang-rape, torture and mutilation. It is carried out in the presence of the relatives in order to break families apart," Jolie said at conference. "Rape is used as a tool of war because it is so destructive and because the perpetrators get away with it," Jolie said. Jolie and Hague also met with members of Bosnia's tripartite presidency. They are also both due to visit a memorial centre in Srebrenica, where some 8,000 Muslim men and boys died in after it fell to Bosnian Serb forces under wartime commander Ratko Mladic. The victims were rounded up, executed and bulldozed into pits over five days in July 1995. A delicate balance of Muslims, Serbs and Croats; Bosnia and Herzegovina was torn apart as federal Yugoslavia dissolved in the 1990s. An estimated 100,000 people died in the conflict, and some estimates put the number of women raped at up to 35,000, the majority of them Muslims.