German Chancellor Angela Merkel has criticized Russia for Sunday's air assault on the Syrian city of Aleppo, saying she is ''appalled'' and ''shocked'' by the suffering it has caused. Rough Cut - Subtitled (no reporter narration).
ROUGH CUT - SUBTITLED (NO REPORTER NARRATION) As the number of Syrian refugees now amassing on the Turkish border swells into the tens of thousands, Ankara's long-standing open door to migrants may be closing. An assault by Russian-backed Syrian government forces around the city of Aleppo has sent more than 30,000 people fleeing to the Turkish border gate of Oncupinar in the past few days, and officials say tens of thousands more could be on the move. On a visit to Ankara to meet with Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, German Chancellor Angela Merkel condemned the assault, calling it an impediment to peace efforts and more fuel fanning the wave of refugees. She also called for immediate steps from Ankara to improve the situation for refugees in Turkey, saying the 3 billion euros pledged by the European Union must be deployed without delay. The surge of refugees has created a bitter irony for Turkey. Praised on the one hand for taking in more than 2.5 million refugees from Syria's five-year war, it is also under pressure to stop their perilous onward journeys to Europe, and to prevent radical militants from sneaking over what was long a porous border to carry out attacks in Turkey or abroad. Yet as it tries to keep the gates shut at Oncupinar and provide aid across the border instead, it now finds itself facing calls to let people in.