Scientists from the Baikal collaboration start deployment operation of the second cluster of the Gigaton Volume Detector (Baikal-GVD), in Russia's Siberia, with scientists looking to capture data on the fundamental nature of the universe. Frankie Maguire reports.
It's best known as the deepest lake in the world But Siberia's Lake Baikal is also home to a science experiment which could help us better understand the fundamental nature of the Universe. That's because scientists have started building the second cluster of deep underwater neutrino telescopes. Neutrinos are thought to be the second most common particles in the Universe - with trillions of them streaming through our bodies every second. But little is understood about them. Scientists hope that building the huge telescope under Lake Baikal's icy waters will help track these invisible particles and reveal more about their nature. SOUNDBITE (English) HEAD OF INSTITUTE OF APPLIED PHYSICS IN IRKUTSK, NIKOLAI BUDNEV, SAYING: "Neutrino is a very light, electrically neutral particle, which is able to go huge distances, keeping the direction of its movement. So, by appearing inside the strongest sources of energy in the universe, not only in our galaxy, but also in others - Neutrino can be a unique carrier of information about processes where absolutely unbelievable energy appeared." These scientists have to find the particles deep underground - far away from interference by cosmic radiation. The telescope will record data on the interaction between neutrinos and the Baikal water.