Bustling markets have sprung back into life in eastern Mosul, but the city's destroyed infrastructure and economy could take at least five years and billions of dollars to rebuild. Sara Hemrajani reports.
Rebuilding homes, businesses and lives. After years of Islamic State occupation, followed by months of fighting, officials in eastern Mosul are working out how to repair their battle-scarred city. Despite signs of hustle and bustle in the market, Mosul is suffering from wrecked infrastructure and a shortage of basic utilities. Local councillors are drawing up plans, which include economic development and attracting investment. But there are concerns the money allocated by Baghdad falls far short of what's needed. SOUNDBITE: Noureldin Qablan, Deputy Chairman of local council in Nineveh Province, saying (Arabic): "In 2014 we were allocated 624 million dollars. Yet, after all this destruction we get just 44.5 million in 2017. We're not getting enough support compared to the scale of damage and the size of the province." But the feeling among these business-owners and customers is relief. Many shops banned or monitored by the militants can now reopen. SOUNDBITE: Ali Majid, cafe owner, saying (Arabic): "People weren't coming here before because cigarettes and shisha weren't allowed. Now, many are coming and business is good, thank God." SOUNDBITE: Emad, Mosul resident, saying (Arabic): "The situation is very good. There is security and we are happy and comfortable." Still, Islamic State's presence hangs over Mosul. On the other side of the river, its fighters remain holed in, defending the Old City with snipers and suicide bombers.